Evidence Shows That Geological Features Play Major Role In Recent Ocean Heat Uptake

Many aspects of the climate change theory have been invalidated by a remarkable increase in our ocean’s temperature during the last twelve months (see here and here).

This sudden, anomalous, and inexplicable change in ocean surface temperature has left scientists who support the climate change theory baffled because it doesn’t support the conclusions of their current ocean climate models.

Inexplicably, those advocating the validity of the climate change theory have stuck to their idea that all significant changes in ocean temperature are due to increases in human activity.

Here we show that the only plausible explanation for this dramatic temperature increase in ocean temperature is massive pulses of heat emitted from ocean floor geological features (see herehere, and here).

Perspective of Earth’s Oceans

Before presenting evidence that supports the contention that heat emitted from seafloor geological features is the cause and/or major contributor to the recent and very anomalous increase in ocean temperature, we must take time to put into perspective ocean area, volume, and depth. And to look at the historical increase in the Earth’s sea surface temperature.

The area of the Earth’s oceans is 139,382,879 square miles, which represents 71% of Earth’s surface, has a volume of 10,907,411,982 cubic miles, and weighs 1,450,000,000,000,000,000 tons.

Bottomline: Earth is a water planet. It takes an unmanageable amount of heat to quickly warm oceans. Ocean temperatures between 1880-2010, a 130 period, have steadily and not anomalously risen two degrees Fahrenheit equating to 0.2 degrees Fahrenheit per year (Figure 1).

This moderate and steady increase in temperature doesn’t fit into the notion that anthropogenic forces are the cause of the recent changes in ocean surface water.

Figure 1. Increase of ocean surface waters from 1880 to 2020. (Graph credit EPA)

Atlantic Ocean Warming

The Figure 2 graph illustrates the monthly and yearly temperatures in the North Atlantic Ocean surface waters from 1981 to 2024.

It shows that beginning in 2023 and through the first three months of 2024 the surface temperature of the North Atlantic Ocean surface experienced an extremely anomalous warming event.

Figure 2. This graph shows the monthly temperature changes in the North Atlantic Ocean’s surface waters for the years from 1981 to 2024. Graph credit Creative Commons and NOAA

The following quote is taken from a research study that describes the temperature change in greater detail. Via Vox:

“On Wednesday, June 14, the surface of the North Atlantic Ocean reached an average temperature of 73 degrees Fahrenheit. That may sound like a pleasant day at the pool, but it’s actually a record high, and it will have global consequences. The average for this time of year, over the past three decades, is 71 degrees Fahrenheit. That two-degree difference reflects a gargantuan amount of extra energy stored in the ocean. The Atlantic has been riding a wave of extreme heat since last year. And as summer sets in, the temperature will climb. This is an incredibly unusual year,” said Gabriel Vecchi, a climate scientist at Princeton University.

“A warm Atlantic tends to have a lot of global influences. Atlantic Ocean surface temperatures affect rainfall and storms in Brazil, India, the Sahel region of Africa, and the southwestern United States. Hot water is also the fuel for hurricanes, which need the sea surface to be at least 79 degrees Fahrenheit to form. Higher temperatures boost the octane rating of this fuel, leading to more powerful storms. They can also diminish stocks of fish, which feed 3 billion people”

I am certain that the increase in North Atlantic Ocean surface temperature waters is the result of heat emitted from its hundreds of thousands of active ocean floor geological features. Features that are generated, fueled, maintained, and associated with the North Atlantic Ocean floor Pull Apart / Divergent Fault System ( Figure 4).

The system is 25,000 miles long and on average 1,000 miles wide. When the northern segment of the fault system suddenly becomes very active it allows unimaginable amounts of deep inner Earth molten lava to upwell along the main fault plane. Eventually, the lava reaches the ocean floor where it emits enough heat to increase the temperature of the North Atlantic’s entire ocean column including the surface waters (see here).

Figure 3. Atlantic Ocean floor Pull Apart Fault System. The axis of the axis of Pull Apart Fault is shown as a thick red line. The direction of pull apart direction shown by red arrows.

Pacific Ocean Warming

Similar to the North Atlantic Ocean’s extreme, a sudden and anomalous increase in the temperature of surface waters in the central Pacific Ocean has also experienced a significant increase in temperature during the last 12 months. Even though this increase hasn’t been the same amount as the increase in surface waters of the North Atlantic Ocean it is still very anomalous.

The anomalous temperature increase of the central Pacific Ocean surface waters is the result of heat emitted from an ocean floor Push Together/Convergent Fault System that encircles the outer edges of the Pacific Ocean.

Figure 4. Segment of the Pacific Ocean floor seven-mile-deep push together/ divergent fault system and associated hydrothermal vents, volcanoes, and minor faults. (Image Credit Pinterest)

This fault system is called the Pacific Ring of Fire. A segment of the Pacific Ring of Fire push together/divergent fault system is shown in Figure 4. The image shows an area that is approximately 400 hundred miles wide and 200 miles wide. Even this small portion of the Pacific Ocean is covered by a vast number of volcanoes, hydrothermal vents, and minor faults.

The Pacific Ring of Fire is 25,000 miles long and 350 miles wide. It contains between 750 and 915 active or dormant volcanoes, approximately two-thirds of the world’s total. Ninety percent of Earth’s earthquakes, including the most violent, occur on the Pacific Ring of Fire. All El Ninos originate from one point along the Pacific Ring of Fire (Figure 5)

Figure 5. El Ninos emit tremendous amounts of heat into the central part of the Pacific Ocean. Image credit NOAA

It may amaze you to know that climatologists and Oceanographers don’t know what generates El Ninos. Attempting to decipher what force or forces generate and maintain El Ninos they have used the vast amounts of atmospheric and oceanic data available to them.

Utilizing this data scientists have said ‘When an El Nino forms trade winds reverse their direction, ocean currents notably change, and atmospheric parameters are altered.’ They don’t say ‘What generates an El Nino? The Trade Winds, etc. are side effects and not the cause of El Ninos.’

Since 2014 I have written many articles integrating information from numerous research studies with my observations and ideas.

This has convinced me that El Ninos are generated by heat emissions from ocean floor hydrothermal vents and volcanoes, and positioned at a fixed/nonmoving “source point”.

A source point that is part of the Pacific Ring of Fire (Figure 5). Here are a few of my articles that have been posted on Climate Change Dispatch here, here, and here.

A super strong and high-temperature El Nino began on July 4, 2023, and only now have sea surface temperature (SST) anomalies begun weakening across most of the equatorial Pacific Ocean, with La Niña potentially developing during summer 2024.

This El Nino event was preceded by a triad of La Nina cool phases that began in 2020 and ended in 2023. Figure 7 shows that the energy needed to go from a very strong La Nina to a very strong El Nino is off the charts. This energy conversion cannot be explained by heat emitted from human activities (Figure 6).

Figure 6. Temperature change from a strong La Nina to a strong El Nino as shown in the “A” to “B” on the graph above. Image credit Earth and Sky and Public Domain


Scientists who support the human-caused climate change theory are having a very difficult time explaining an extremely large temperature increase in Earth’s surface temperatures. This is because their climate models don’t accurately represent this change.

They have stated that this change is the result of human-made forces. However, the most plausible alternative explanation for these changes is massive, short-period pulses of heat emitted from ocean geological features.


James Edward Kamis is a retired geologist with 47 years of experience, a Bachelor of Science degree in Geology from Northern Illinois University (1973), and a Master of Science degree in Geology from Idaho State University (1976). More than 46 years of research have convinced him that geological forces significantly influence, or in some cases completely control climate and climate-related events as per his Plate Climatology Theory. Kamis’ new book, Geological Impacts on Climate, is available now.

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